Sunday, 19 July 2020

What are the 5 days of diwali 2020

Diwali Festival

Diwali , also called Diwali or Deepavali ( Hindi : दीपावली ( Dipavali ) or दिवाली ( Divālī )), is a major festival in the Indian world . ” Diwali ” is the contracted form of ” Deepavali “, drawn from the Sanskrit “row of lamps” (” dipa avali “). Indivisible from the great feast of Dussehra  , which takes place twenty days before, it commemorates the return of Rama to Ayodhya . Its inhabitants then illuminated the streets where the king passed with dip lamps .
Diwali is a very popular celebration in India : it is the festival of lights, where we offer gifts and fireworks and share happy diwali wishes with each other. The festivities last five days, of which the third, the most important (” Bari Diwali “, “the great Diwali”) is devoted to the goddess Lakshmi , the four others being associated with different legends and traditions. This third day is also the last of the year of the Hindu Vikram calendar , used in the north of India. The next day, the beginning of the new Hindu year , is known as Annakut in northern India. In South India, Diwali does not coincide with the beginning of the new year,
Besides the Hindus , the Sikhs and the Jains also celebrate Diwali, linking to him other symbolic values ​​and different historical references. Diwali is also celebrated in Nepal (where the majority of the population is Hindu) and in many countries where large Indian communities, such as Malaysia , Singapore , or South Africa, live .


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The “Five Days” of Diwali

The churning of the sea of ​​milk , whence came forth, among others, Dhanvantari and Lakshmi . One notices the Mount Mandara, which serves as baraton, and the king of the serpents Vasuki , which serves as bar-chord
Several legends or traditions are associated with Diwali and lead to distinct celebrations. As a general rule, the festivities of Diwali thus extend over five days (the number may vary), each of which has its role. These days straddle the months of the Hindu calendar of Ashwin and Kartik .


Dhanteras, the first day

Dhanteras , or Dhanvantari Triodasi 30 , is the 13 th day of the second fortnight ( paksha ) of the lunar month of ashwin. That day, the Lord Dhanvantari, the physician of the gods, came out of the sea of milk bringing to humanity its Ayurvedic medicine.
At sunset, the Hindus bathe and light the lamps called yama diya , which they let burn all night. Their glow spreads and honors Yama , the Lord of Death, to whom they offer sweets and pray to save themselves a premature end. The offerings must be made to a sacred tree which for this reason some people grow in their garden. It is also traditional to buy a lucky charm: a new utensil, or even a piece of gold or silver.


Chhoti Diwali, the second day

The second day of Diwali is called Narak Chaturdasi or Chhoti Diwali (small Diwali). This is where Krishna destroyed the demon of dirt. Narakasura 31 . It is then necessary to massage the body with oil so that it disappears the fatigue, to bathe and to rest, so as to be able to Celebrate Diwali with the spirits and the required devotion.
That night, unlike the day before, we will not turn lights yama diya: the shastras , stating that they are exclusively for Dhanteras.


Lakshmi Puja, the third day

This most important day of all, called Bari Diwali or “great Diwali” , is devoted to the puja of the goddess Lakshmi . At this puja that takes place on the day of Amavasya, New Moon, five deities are celebrated. These are the trimurti of the goddesses: MahaLakshmi , goddess of wealth, MahaSarasvati , goddess of knowledge, and Mahakali ; and Ganesh and Vighnaharta.
This day the Hindus perform their ablutions before joining their family and their Pandit , to worship together the divine Lakshmi, so that she may bless them with wealth and prosperity, and allow the triumph of good over evil, light On the darkness.
It is during this third day that preparations for puja are the most important: decoration of the house with the rangoli (decorative motifs to welcome Lakshmi), preparation of thali , trays of offerings and utensils for puja .


Puja of Padwa and Govardhan, on the fourth day

Krishna carrying Mount Govardhana on his finger, to save the inhabitants from the wrath of Indra . One sees this one in the distance in the sky, on his mount, the white elephant Airavata

The fourth day of celebration is the first day of the month of Kartik, which marks the new year in northern India. Kartik is a month extremely conducive both materially and spiritually.
This day has two meanings. On the one hand, it is the Gudi Padwa , which symbolizes love and devotion united the spouses; on this day, brides are invited with their spouses to special meals and received presents. On the other hand, the puja of Govardhana is celebrated . Long ago, Lord Krishna saved the inhabitants of the village of Gokul from the deluge of Indra . Since that time, Hindus worship Govardhan each year in honor of the first puja once celebrated by the people of Gokul.


Bhai Duj , the fifth day

Bhai Duj, or Bhrati Duj is a day called “brothers” which is dedicated to the sisters. She recalls that Yama Raj, the Lord of Death, went to her sister’s house and gave her the gift ( vardhan ) of releasing from her sins anyone who came to see her that day, giving visitors the power to reach liberation ( Moksha ). Since then, the brothers have made it their duty, on that date, to go to their sisters and hear from them.

Why do we celebrate Diwali

Diwali and the Hindu religion

Diwali appeals to many myths and legends of Hinduism , referring mainly to Vishnu and his wife Lakshmi .
With Brahma , the god of creation, and Shiva , god of destruction, Vishnu , the god of preservation, is part of the Trimurti 3 , the trinity of Hinduism that has gradually replaced the popular fervor Trinity Vedic as Constituted Agni (fire), Vayu (the wind) and Surya (the sun). These three divinities are each accompanied by their pardors (or shakti ), the goddess associated with them. Thus, the wife of Brahma is Sarasvati , goddess of knowledge,
Above all, Diwali celebrates the return to his capital, Ayodhya , of Rama with his wife Sita , whom he has reconquered from a hard struggle on the demon Ravana , an episode told in the Ramayana. Diwali (or Dipavali), whose meaning is “row of lights”, recalls the path of lamps made to Rama by the inhabitants of Ayodhya to illuminate his return. Diwali extends the feast of Dussehra , which celebrates the victory of Rama on Ravana, and takes place exactly twenty days before Diwali. During the festivities of Dussehra, the gigantic effigies of Ravana, are burned with firecrackers.
Diwali has as its highlight the day of worship of the goddess Lakshmi , but it is also a series of festivities that span five full days: each one celebrates differently, and according to an appropriate ceremonial, A whole series of legends and traditions. Besides Lakshmi and the two avatars of Vishnu as Krishna and Rama are, Diwali also celebrates Ganesh , the god with an elephant head, son of Shiva and Parvati, who is “one who removes obstacles ego”.


How To Celebrate Diwali

The date of Diwali is fixed according to the traditional Hindu Holy Days calendars of lunar-solar type derived from the ancient Vedic calendar are: Vikram in North India – according to which the New Year is the fourth day of the feasts of Diwali – and the Shalivahana in South India.

The festivities begin with Dhanteras, the first day (also called Dhan Trayodashi ), which evokes the Lord of Death, Yama Raj . The second is Narak Chaturdashi, called the “little Diwali” ( Chhoṭi Diwali ), which celebrates the defeat of Narakasura , the demon of dirt.
On the third day, the most important, regarded as one of Diwali itself, is vested in the puja (religious ceremony) of Lakshmi , the goddess of abundance and prosperity of the wife of Vishnu. On this occasion, the elephant-headed god, Ganesh , is always associated with Lakshmi. The fourth day, called Annakut or Navu Varsh , marks the beginning of the new year according to the Vikram 12 calendar . It is the day of the puja of Govardhana , the name of the hill that lifted Krishna to save his village. Is also the Gudi Padwa devoted to love between spouses. Finally, on the fifth day or Bhai Duj (or Bhai Bij , or Bhai Tika ), is dedicated to brotherly love.
On the occasion of Diwali, young and old, rich and poor, dress nine, exchange sweets and firecrackers explode. The day after Diwali marks the beginning of the fiscal year in North India, which is appropriate, since Lakshmi is believed to bring wealth and prosperity.


Preparations and festivities

Diwali is the opportunity to decorate houses and streets and to feast on different dishes, including sweets. After the truly religious part of the feast, gifts are exchanged, fireworks are fired and all kinds of shows are shown in the mela , the great gatherings that take place.


Decorations

Lamps

Diya lamps arranged on a rangoli. Diwali is inseparable from diya or dip lamps , mostly clay , but sometimes metallic. They are filled with oil or ghi , clarified butter, and burn through a wick , usually made of cotton . Candles are also used .


Rangoli

The Rangoli are the decorations that decorate houses, courtyards, sanctuaries and other edifices during the feast. As a matter of fact, Lakshmi, according to popular belief, comes to visit the houses – the rangoli are drawn on the ground with rice flour as a sign of welcome and Repel evil spirits. Colored powders are also used to form geometric patterns. This decoration is complemented with leaves mango tree and garlands of concern.


Thali for the puja

A thali ready for the puja
A number of items are needed for the celebration of the puja , the religious ceremony held in honor of Lakshmi and Ganesh.
It is good that all these objects are prepared beforehand, in a harmonious and pleasant way to the eye, on a plateau ( thali ) ad hoc : one disposes there the roli , mixture of turmeric and hot to make the tilak , the A colored mark to be affixed to the forehead of his brother or sister; There are also akshat (grains of rice), a ghanti (the bell to call the divinity), a small kalash (pot) filled with water, a kalava to be tied around his wrist, a few pieces Gold and silver as well as flowers. A diya lamp ,
One can buy thali decorative ready-made, but it’s one of the pleasures of preparations for Diwali that arrange yourself a thali particularly successful.


Lakshmi and Ganesh Puja

The statue of Ganesh, during the puja of Diwali
During the great puja of the third day, one loves Lakshmi (to which are associated Kali and Sarasvati ), and Ganesh (to which is associated Vighnaharta). The puja is the ceremony by which the divinity, called by the officiant (the pujari ) with the ghanti bell , will descend among its worshipers.
After the room has been thoroughly cleaned, the statues of Lakshmi and Ganesh are bathed with water and then with an ointment called panchamrita; A diya lamp is then placed before each deity to drive out evil spirits. The puja is continued by offering to the divinities fresh flowers, colors (red abir and vermillon sindur ), and turmeric , to which are added sweets, fruits and silver, which can then be given to the poor. It then sings incantations ( arti ) in honor of Lakshmi and Ganesh.
After the celebration, participants eat the prasad candies , and go out to explode the firecrackers and fireworks.


Fireworks and Firecrackers

Diwali, the festival of lights, would be incomplete without fireworks. Given their price, but also the pollution they generate, it is the community that tends to organize shooting. As for firecrackers , their number and power have been growing until the early 2000s, when the authorities decided to limit the escalation.
Diwali, in fact, gives the opportunity to some to assert themselves by buying the most powerful firecrackers possible, therefore the most noisy. Their noise level could exceed 125 or even 145 decibels at four meters. They are now banned. In addition, accidents related to firecrackers and fireworks occur each year.

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